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Vehicle classification

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Vehicle classification

VEHICLE CATEGORY

Vehicle category is determined by three criteria:
  • - Overall height
  • - Gross vehicle weight (GVW)* (for trains, towing vehicle only)
  • - Number of axles.
  •  
Category
 
Types of vehicles
 
Definition
 
1
 
Light vehicles
Classe 1
Classe 1
Classe 1
Classe 1
Classe 1


  • - Vehicle with overall height under 2 metres and GVW not  exceeding 3.5 tonnes
  • - rain with overall height under 2 metres and GVW of towing vehicle not exceeding 3.5 tonnes
2
 
Intermediate vehicles
Classe 2
Classe 2
Classe 2
Classe 2


  • - Vehicle with overall height from 2 to 3 metres and GVW not exceeding 3.5 tonnes
  • - Train with overall height from 2 to 3 metres and GVW of towing vehicle not exceeding 3.5 tonnes
3

HGV or bus with two axles
On the A14, all two-axle buses are in category 4
Classe 3
Classe 3
Classe 3
Classe 3

  •  
  • - Vehicle with overall height of 3 metres or more
  • - Vehicle with GVW of more than 3.5 tonnes
4
 
HGV or bus with three or more axles
Classe 4
Classe 4
Classe 4
Classe 4


  • - Vehicle with more than two axles and height of 3 metres or more, or GVW of more than 3.5 tonnes
  • - Train with overall height of 3 metres or more
  • - Train with towing vehicle having GVW of more than 3.5 tonnes
5 Classe 5
  • - Motorcycle
  • - Motorcycle with sidecar
  • - Tricycle
 

* GVW: Gross vehicle weight as specified on French vehicle registration papers since June 2004.

accesCategory-2 vehicles adapted for carrying disabled people (as specified on registration papers) are considered as belonging to category 1.



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